Compare and contrast the Student Non-violent coordinating Committee (SNCC) and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) tactics; include sit-ins, freedom rides and changing composition.
What were the objectives, who were the organizers of the: NAACP, SNCC and SCLC?
The NAACP or National Association for the Advancement of Colored People was one of the earliest civil rights organizations. It was originally formed in order to combat the lynching happening at the time. Some original members and founders are: Mary White Ovington, Oswald Garrison Villard, William English Walling, Dr. Henry Moscowitz, W. E. B. Du Bois, Ida B. Wells-Barnett and Mary Church Terrell. Many others were apart of the NAACP, but these are just some of the main members at their first ever meeting in 1908. It grew to a national organization that fought for race equality, nonviolence, and desegregation during the Civil Rights Movement.
The SNCC or Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee ” formed to give younger blacks more of a voice in the civil rights movement.” It was known as a radical branch of the Civil Rights Movement. They participated in sit-ins and other nonviolent approaches to getting their message of a need for integration across. Main founders and organizers of the SNCC were Ella Baker, Diane Nash, Julian Bond, Bernard Lafayette, and Charles Sherrod.
The SCLC or Southern Christian Leadership Conference’s “main aim was to advance the cause of [the Civil Rights Movement] in America… in a non-violent manner.” It came mostly from the church, as it was a Christian group. Martin Luther King Jr. was the main organizer and founder of the SCLC, as he was a Baptist Minister when he first started the organization after Rosa Parks took her famous stand on the bus, leading MLK to start the SCLC after the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
- SNCC – summer of 1964
In the summer of 1964, white college students, volunteers, black Mississipians, and other members of the SNCC held protests and other projects all summer in order to register African American voters in Mississippi. This was also known as the Mississippi Summer Project.
Freedom Rides & Sit- in – explain what each is, why were these methods chosen over others
- Montgomery Bus Boycott
The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a time period from December 5, 1955, to December 20, 1956 in which African Americans refused to ride the bus in protest of the segregated seating. The boycott began four days after Rosa Parks, who on December 1st, refused to give up her seat to a white member on the bus. This started what was considered as “the first large-scale demonstration against segregation in the U.S.”
Changing composition – how many African Americans were elected officials (or leaders in their neighborhoods, cities, states) in the 1960’s
- University of California v. Bakke– Who was the chief justice, what was the decision on what constitutional/legal ground
The chief justice on the case was Lewis Franklin Powell. The court decided in a 5-4 decision that a state can constitutionally consider race when deciding on who to admit to their school in terms of campus diversity, but only if considered along other factors as well; not just race.
The information that will stay with me is that schools can actually make a decision on whether or not to admit you to their school based on race, along with other factors. This applies today as they still do this and in my life, as I will soon be applying to college and some schools might take me into consideration in this manner.