Explain Brown v. Board of Education and efforts to resist the decision.
Who was the chief justice, what was the decision on what constitutional/legal ground?
Earl Warren was the Chief Justice during the Brown v. Board of Education supreme court case. The decision was unanimous stating that “separate educational facilities” were “inherently unequal” due to how the inequalities effected their educations and “deprived black students of equal protection under the law.”
Brown II was a court decision issued in 1955 that stated that the Brown v. Board of Education decision in which desegregation would occur could proceed with “all deliberate speed”. This meant that the decision could be put off and resisted by schools and institutions if they did not want to desegregate right away. Dislike of Brown II was shown by supporters and those against the Brown v. Board of Education decision.
Little Rock Nine- year, who, what happened and result
The Little Rock Nine was a group of black students who, in September of 1957, were integrated into all-white schools. This was as a result of the Brown v. Board of Education case in order to test how the desegregation would play out in the white schools. Minnijean Brown, Elizabeth Eckford, Ernest Green, Thelma Mothershed, Melba Patillo, Gloria Ray, Terrence Roberts, Jefferson Thomas, and Carlotta Walls were the recuited Little Rock Nine. The students entered the school greeted by hostility from students and faculty. Integration continued throughout the school year.
University of Alabama- year, who, what happened and result
On June 11, 1963, two black students enrolled at the University of Alabama. Their names were Vivian Malone and James A. Hood. This was done because Alabama governor, Governor Wallace, did not want to desegregate schools, but President Kennedy forced federal pressure on him, as he eventually allowed the students to enroll. Later that year, Wallace once again tried to stop desegregation of a high school, but President Kennedy once again stepped in to prevent him from doing so.
The information that will stick with me is that when the Little Rock Nine and University of Alabama students enrolled, they were met with anger and negativity. They were yelled at and spit on, which is so immoral, which is why these facts with stick with me. This effects the world today because without the bravery of these African American students that enrolled in previously all-white schools, the equality movement for African Americans could have been set back in educational aspects for who knows how long.